MIT Media Lab’s BioLogic Material Opens And Closes In Response To Humidity

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A group at MIT Media Lab has employed bacteria to design a “bio-skin” material that peels back in reaction to sweat and humidity (+ slideshow).

BioLogic fabric by MIT Media Lab Clothing created from the BioLogic fabric have vents that open in response to sweat

The BioLogic material relies on bacteria reportedly identified 1,000 many years ago by a Japanese samurai. The Bacillus Subtilis microorganism has because been used to ferment food items in Japan, including natto – a soybean-based dish.

BioLogic fabric by MIT Media Lab As the wearer sweats the material covering the vents peels back

The staff from the MIT Media Lab’s Tangible Media Group has used the bacteria’s potential to increase and contract in response to moisture, and developed a approach for incorporating it into materials that can be used for garments.

BioLogic fabric by MIT Media Lab These apertures provide ventilation for the wearer although working out

“We’re starting to build up an automatic printing method in which fresh cells can be assembled on a thin fabric,” said MIT Media Lab’s Jifei Ou. “The diverse expansion and contraction level of the new resources generates a selection of bending behaviours in space and time.”


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A film released by the lab demonstrates how outfits constructed from the material could have diamond-shaped openings covered in two flaps. These flaps peel back as soon as the wearer starts to warm up, offering further ventilation and helping them to cool down.

BioLogic fabric by MIT Media Lab Vents will fold back into location when humidity amounts are lowered

“In addition to a single bending construction different printing patterns and materials combinations enable us to create far more complex transformations,” mentioned interaction designer Helene Steiner.

BioLogic fabric by MIT Media Lab Close up of the bio-hybrid movie that reacts to sweaty skin

By embedding heating circuits, the material could be controlled by electrical signals. Further employs for the cells contain a steam-activated teabag label, bio-hybrid flowers that can open and shut their petals, and colour-shifting material.

BioLogic fabric by MIT Media Lab A BioLogic tea leaf can activated by heat and steam as tea is steeped

“Trend is changing and this undertaking is element of it,” said style designer Oksana Anilionyte. “I think it really is time exactly where we believe the way we create fashion and the explanation behind it.”


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“The Biologic undertaking enables us to investigate new innovative components combined with standard garment-making strategies.”

BioLogic fabric by MIT Media Lab As steam is released the leaf unfurls

“The styles are inspired by the natto cells’ response to various body elements, and that produces actually fine flat movements,” she extra. “The encounter of sporting these garments is really specific simply because they come to existence as soon as you start wearing them.”

BioLogic fabric by MIT Media Lab Bioprinter customised for Natto cell printing and bio-hybrid movie manufacturing. Created by MIT Media Lab

The group is reportedly operating with sports activities brand New Balance on methods to include the material into sportswear.

BioLogic fabric by MIT Media Lab When water is sprayed on bio-hybrid flowers, they blossom, shifting form and colour

Other designers are doing work with bacteria on everything from lab-grown typography, to bio-luminescent lamps and wearable objects manufactured of bacterially-grown material stretched over a framework.

Photography is by Rob Chron.


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Neri Oxman 3D prints &quotphotosynthetic wearable&quot to host living organisms Designer and researcher Neri Oxman has effectively 3D-printed 1 of her “wearable skins” and filled its hollow tubes with a bacterial luminescent liquid to represent how it could host photosynthetic organisms (+ slideshow). Far more »

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More design with bacteria:

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