A college that was destroyed in the course of the 2010 Chile earthquake has been rebuilt by Santiago studio LAND Arquitectos utilizing basic white-painted pine .
The Santa Rosa School in Constitucion, a city on Chile’s south central coastline, was ruined by the key earthquake that struck on 27 February 2010 – one particular of the most effective quakes on record. The tremor measured eight.eight on the Richter scale and triggered a devastating tsunami.
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The college lost 50 per cent of its amenities in the disaster and required important reconstruction, so the city approached LAND Arquitectos, initially to design emergency classrooms, and then – as soon as funding was secured – to rebuild and lengthen the school, including a chapel.
The architects collaborated with neighborhood non-revenue organisations and personal sector businesses on the task, with the aim to produce a practical teaching facility that could also serve as a constructive symbol of the city’s recovery from the disaster.
“These permanent solutions the place conceived in a way that would not only rebuild the college, but create a far better urban piece for the destroyed city,” said the team.
“We asked ourselves: How can we contribute to the reconstruction of the city by re-creating a piece of the urban material? In addition, how can we construct an atmosphere that would enhance teaching and studying functionality?” they added.
Their response was to consist of a public plaza and a new chapel in their design and style, offering a tribute to the victims of the earthquake. The chapel features an asymmetric roof that helps make it the tallest creating on the internet site.
“This sculptural element was inspired by standard local rock formations noticed along the coast of this city,” explained the architects.
Aspects of the current developing had been refurbished and incorporated into the venture, whilst new timber-clad structures with tall narrow windows create a new reception area, kindergarten and playgroup facilities, as properly as pc suites and dining regions.
The new school buildings have been constructed making use of a prefabricated method of structural insulated panels (SIPs) – a type of composite materials that permitted for a fast building time, reduced development and labour costs, and minimum affect on the fragile terrain.
All of the structures are clad in planks of pine, which were painted with just a layer of white primer to allow the grey-toned wood to be gradually unveiled as the developing ages.
“We utilized regional pine wood as the main material for the undertaking and furnishings, selling and encouraging the use of wood in the reconstruction of the city,” said the architects.
“We wanted to rebuild the city’s identity using resources that are locally available and effortlessly replicable creating strategies.”
A narrow patio covered with grey flagstones and with integrated seating gives a public location adjacent to the chapel and school entrance. Added patios at the rear are utilised as playgrounds, for outdoor dining and as a public carpark.
Photography is by Sergio Pirrone.
Architects: LAND (Cristóbal Valenzuela Haeussler + Angela Delorenzo Arancibia)
Architect in charge: Javier Lorenzo.
Client: Government of Chile
Structural Engineer: Yuri Torres
Builders: Proessa SA
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